The Ontario Association of Optometrists recommends the first eye examination for infants at 6 months. Additional examinations should be performed annually starting at the age of 3.

It is important for children to develop hand-eye coordination and depth perception as they obtain much of their learning from their surrounding environment.

If a child’s eye appears to be turned in or out after 6 months of age, it can potentially be strabismus. Strabismus is an imbalance of the eye muscle, causing one eye to turn in or out, creating double vision that can lead to suppression of the eye. When the eye is suppressed, development of the eye does not occur, which can lead to amblyopia, commonly known as lazy eye. If amblyopia is ignored, the vision in that eye will continue to remain poor. If amblyopia is detected or treated before the age of 9, it can potentially resolve completely.

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